Seven species of orchids are protected

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Seven species of orchids are protected southern Kalimantan
All seven species of orchids are protected are "paraphalaenopsis laycocki", "paraphalaenopsis labukensis" and "paraphalaenopsis serpentilingua", these three species of orchids mice that are now hard to come by.

"phalaenopsis gigantea", elephant orchid month
"coelogyne pandurata", black orchid
"spathoglottis Aurea", a yellow ground orchid
"grammatophylium speciosum".

Orchid moons Pelaihari

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Orchid
moon which is the famous orchid and Indonesia is where the growth of species of orchids than in the philippines. Pelaihari Orchid months growing in South Kalimantan (Pelaihari) has many advantages not found in other orchid species in other areas such as Bogor or flipina
Excess Pelaihari orchids months, among other things, orchid flower moon Pelaihari have a long enough period of between three to six months, much branched, the number of petals in a flower stalk between 25-50

Orchid moons Pelaihari have a pure white color and pretty incredible, if any, the price can be 5 million dollars.

Beauty orchid moon pelaihari types , this orchids moon with the price is very expensive to make and destroy the hunters forget this type of real life squad even in Pelaihari (South Kalimantan) itself has not been found.
Some hobbyists in Pelaihari able to breed naturally with little success. China breeding center may be able to breed well, although not as good in their habitat. Unlike conducted during pollination by wind or breeding of puppies.
In addition to the type of orchid months Pelaihari Indonesia loses some orchid species such as dendrobium lowii, spathoglottis Aurea (yellow ground orchid) and orchids several other denbrobium which can be found again in the forests Indonesia Kalimantan forests, especially where more than 4000 species of orchids grow.

Orchids for the parcel

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Flowers
has become a trend a long time major holidays, as well as on Iedul Fitri several kinds of orchids in great demand both in the form of parcel sold as an ornamental flower or another parcel with a decorative variety of orchids. The sale price is quite affordable than 2000 rupiah / stalk to 20000 rupah for a particular type. Dendrobium orchids sold for 7500 rupiahs / stalk or douglas orchid that can be bought at a price of 5000 rupiah / stalk .
Orchids for the parcel is very special feast day because almost everyone likes orchids especially when matched with a beautiful vase so it looks incredible. Indonesia with a wealth of orchids that many of course have to preserve the life of her orchids orchids that like-this great opportunity today to be essential to introduce the orchid in his own country. Not important to know what type of orchid orchid which is used as commodity parcel. eventually this will help in the preservation of Indonesian orchids.
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Care Of The Orchid Flower

Orchid Image : A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

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When it comes to the care of the orchid flower, the grower's task is no easy one.
It is to set in motion the complicated growth processes of the orchid flower, and, through maintenance of proper balance, insure continuation of that process.
Using the energy provided by light, the green leaf chlorophyll transforms the carbon dioxide from the air and the mineral salts from moisture into sugar and other carbohydrates.
These energy carbohydrates are stored until needed either for rebuilding plant tissue or for flowering. The pseudobulbs of some types, the large leathery leaves of others, and the slender grass-like leaves of orchids lacking pseudobulbs are the storage reservoirs.
The cycle will continue only if the grower devotes the utmost attention to the special requirements of the orchid. The reward for his devotion comes when the brilliant bloom and beauty of the tropics is reproduced in the greenhouse.
No hard and fast rules can be set down for the beginner to follow when it comes to the care of the orchid flower. It has been said that each grower in his own greenhouse, within limitations established by the plants, is a law unto him¬self. The amount of each element in the light-heat-moisture-air formula will vary according to season, experience, and variety. One of the things that make the growing of orchids unique and stimulating is the spirited controversy that arises over every aspect of culture.
When it comes to the care of the orchid flower, one of the many points on which there is no incontroversial procedure is the matter of how much light should be admitted. It must be decided whether to grow the plants 'soft' or 'hard,' to use the parlance of experienced growers.
The amateur must make his own choice when it comes to orchid flower care. To grow 'soft' means to shade the plants from the sun so that the leaves remain a beautiful dark green.
There can be no doubt that this method produces the most beautiful plants, but the quality of bloom is a question that cannot be answered so definitely. In 'soft' conditions care must be exercised not to shade to the point where flower growth will be hindered.
To grow 'hard' means to allow so much light that the leaves have decided overtones of yellow. This method, while marring the appearance of the plant, is said by its proponents to give increased bloom.
Too much light must be avoided, since it will burn the plant and growth will be interrupted. Dry, yellow flower sheaths will at times result from such sunburn, and incipient buds will become steamy and subject to destruction by wet rot. Cutting off the very top of such a sheath with a sharp knife will allow air to reach the bud and may save it.
The claim that growing orchids 'hard' increases flower growth appears logical if the conditions under which orchids grow in their natural state are considered: the natural environment is 'hard.'
It must be remembered, however, that nature controls sunlight in a way difficult to approximate in the greenhouse.
Even in those areas where certain varieties grow in so-called 'full sun/ it will be found that drifting clouds give a protection that is absent under intensely directed light in the greenhouse.
Once the amateur has made the choice between 'soft' and 'hard' methods, the subsequent treatment must be consistent. If much sun is provided, more moisture and air will be required.
If the plants are grown with minimum sun they will require less moisture, but an increase in ventilation may be needed to keep the air sweet.
Orchids are very susceptible to shock of any kind, and they take considerable time to recover—if they ever do. This danger must be borne in mind regarding sunburn, chilling, or energy deficit. There is the further difficulty of each species' having its own light requirements.
Quick reference to conditions in the native homes of the species that the amateur is likely to acquire will illustrate the point. Cattleyas, native to Central and South America, are found hanging on trees in the tropical rain forests. The burning sun of midday is usually kept off the plant by foliage directly overhead.
The grower, guided by this knowledge, lets Cattleyas be exposed to the sun, but provides shade in summer during the warmest part of the day, for sunburn must be avoided. The increased exposure to sun necessitates a corresponding increase in humidity to prevent the pseudobulbs from shriveling.
These are just some essential tips of the care of the orchid flower.
write on http://www.how-to-grow-orchid.com/care-of-the-orchid-flower.htm

Cymbidium Orchid Plants

Orchid Image : A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

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Cymbidium orchid plants were first mentioned in China during the Chin dynasty. Yes, way back in 265 AD. They are beautiful, delicate orchid plants which have been used for corsages. They come in a wide range of colors, including reds, yellows, whites, green and brown.
Now, they are grown for the florist industry because of their large flowers which can reach about 5+ inches. The flowers on the this orchid can last for five to seven weeks. Many people know Cymbidiums as the flowers that are used for corsages. There are other cymbidiums which do not have as large flowers, but a more intermediate. One of these is the Cymbidium 'Royale'.
These plants grow well outdoors and can take cool temps and even a short freeze, to about 28 degrees F. (-2 C.) But once this occurs it is time to bring the orchid indoors or put it in a protected greenhouse.
Cymbidiums usually bloom from February to May in North America. During the summer months they will do better with cooler soil at night. If this is a problem in your region my suggestion is to add ice water to the soil after sunset during the month of August.
Water them well especially during their growth period, March through September. After this you can water the plants less but do not allow them to completely dry out. Also, don't rush to repot. Let the orchids get pot-bound and the psuedodbulbs can get pushed out to the edges of the pot. Only then repot. They do better when in close quarters, when they are a little pot bound. These plants do need good lighting for good growth. So, don't park them too far under a tree. A good year round fertilizer is necessary. You can use a liquid fertilizer which is balanced or even a timed-release version. During the Cymbidium orchid plants growth phase you will need to give them a supplement fertilizer as well.
Cymbidium orchid plants can produce some of the largest flowers and ones which will last 5- 7 weeks with a flourish of great colors.
Have fun with these plants. They are a staple of the orchid garden or collection.
Treat them well and they will re-pay you time and time again. Cymbidiums are one of the orchids I classify as "easy orchids". They are good for the beginner, intermediate and expert grower. They are relatively easy to grow, and will reward you with long lasting gorgeous flowers. With little effort they will enhance your life and your orchid growing experience!
!
http://www.orchids-plus-more.com/cymbidium-orchid-plants.html

Coelogyne pandurata


Orchid species known as Black or Black Orchid, because the tongue is black. Coelogyne Lindley pandurata spread in Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo and the Philippines in Mindanao, Luzon and the island of Samar. Generally grow on old trees, near the beach or in low-lying swamp areas hot enough.


Coelogyne pandurata Species:


Genus: Coelogyne


Description

Coelogyne Lindl. 1821, is a genus that has more than 200 species of orchids, epiphytes. Several orchid species are on the ground or litofit habitat . Genus Bolborchis Lindl., Pfitzer and Hologyne now Ptychogyne included Pfitzer dal


Uneven

Regional distribution of this genus mencakul India, China, Indonesia and the Fiji Islands with the main distribution area of Borneo, Sumatra and the Himalayas. Orchids of this genus can be found ranging from lowland forest to tropical rain forests pegun Description Some of the orchids Coelogyne which is the result of crossing is: Coelogyne 'Mem. W. Micholitz '(C. mooreana × C. lawrenceana) Coelogyne' Linda Buckley '(C. mooreana × C. cristata) Coelogyne' Burfordiensis' (C. pandurata × C. asperata). Coelogy

new species of dendrobium


Jakarta - Kekayaan hayati Indonesia memang seperti tidak ada habisnya. Eksplorasi demi eksplorasi di pedalaman dan hutan Indonesia kerap kali menemukan spesies baru baik flora maupun fauna.Seperti dipublikasikan baru-baru ini oleh Lembaga Imu Pengetahuan Indonesia (LIPI) dua spesies baru kembali muncul dari belantara Kalimantan. Anggrek spesies baru berbunga indah ini diberi nama Dendrobium flos-wanua D.Metusala, P.O'Byrne & J.J.Wood dan Dendrobium dianae D.Metusala, P.O'Byrne & J.J.Wood. Seperti rilis yang diterima detikcom dari LIPI, Senin (27/9/2010), Kedua spesies ini dideskripsikan secara ilmiah oleh Destario Metusala (Kebun Raya Purwodadi-LIPI) bersama kedua rekannya Peter O'Byrne (praktisi anggrek di Singapura) dan J.J.Wood (Peneliti dari Herbarium Kew Botanical Garden-Inggris). Anggrek ini termasuk didalam marga Dendrobium seksi Calcarifera yang pusat spesiasinya diduga ada di bagian barat Indonesia, yaitu pulau Sumatera. Namun penelitian yang dilakukan secara simultan oleh peneliti dari Herbarium Kew Botanical Garden-Inggris yang mengobservasi kawasan Sarawak dan peneliti dari Kebun Raya LIPI yang melakukan observasi di Kalimantan, menunjukkan bahwa pulau Borneo merupakan salah satu pusat spesiasi yang utama dari Dendrobium seksi Calcarifera ini.Kedua anggrek spesies baru ini diperkirakan memiliki area distribusi yang terbatas hanya di kawasan Kalimantan. Oleh karena itu jenis ini tergolong sebagai spesies endemik yang memerlukan perhatian khusus untuk konservasinya. Anggrek spesies baru yang pertama adalah Dendrobium flos-wanua. Anggrek ini memiliki bunga dengan lebar 2.1-2.2 cm, berwarna hijau kekuningan mengkilat, sepal-petalnya membuka lebar, dengan bagian cuping tengah bibir bunga yang cukup lebar, berbentuk hampir segi empat dan berbelah dangkal di bagian ujungnya. Dalam satu perbungaan dapat membawa 2 sampai 8 kuntum bunga yang mekar hampir bersamaan. Selain bibir bunganya yang lebar, ciri khas unik anggrek ini adalah pada tonjolan kalus berbentuk "U" yang melintang pada bibir bunganya. Nama flos-wanua berarti "bunga Wanua" yang diambil dari nama Vincent Wanua, seorang hobiis anggrek di Malang yang telah membantu dalam penelitian ini. Jenis anggrek yang kedua adalah Dendrobium dianae yang memiliki kedekatan morfologi dengan anggrek Dendrobium muluense dari Sarawak, bedanya kalau pada bibir D. dianae memiliki dua buah kalus sejajar yang memanjang dan membujur di permukaan cuping tengah bibir bunganya. Anggrek ini memiliki bunga dengan lebar 1.6-1.8 cm, berwarna mulai dari hijau muda polos hingga kuning tua mengkilat dengan pola strip kemerahan pada sepal dan petalnya. Perbungaannya menggantung dan menggerombol antara 4-12 kuntum bunga, sehingga rangkaian bunganya nampak sangat padat. Keunikan lainnya yaitu, variasi warna Dendrobium dianae yang sangat beragam. Padahal selama ini variasi warna tidak terlalu menonjol untuk seksi Calcarifera. Dari hasil observasi diketahui bahwa terdapat setidaknya 5 variasi warna pada spesies ini, dan antar variasi warna bisa sangat ekstrim perbedaannya. Sehingga dari sisi hortikultura, keragaman warna pada D. dianae ini justru dapat menjadi potensi besar untuk dikembangkan sebagai sumber genetik dalam kegiatan pemuliaan anggrek dan hibridisasi. Nama anggrek ini didedikasikan untuk seorang hobiis anggrek sekaligus penggiat konservasi anggrek di Kalimantan Selatan (Banjarmasin) bernama Dian Rachmawaty. Dari sisi budidaya, anggrek ini terbukti cukup adaptif pada ketinggian 300-900 m dpl, dengan intensitas cahaya 50-70 persen. D. flos-wanua umumnya berbunga pada bulan April, Juni dan November. Sedangkan D. dianae hampir dapat berbunga sepanjang tahun. Kedua anggrek dari seksi Calcarifera ini menyukai media perakaran yang lembab, dan lingkungan dengan aerasi yang terbuka dan banyak angin. Hama berbahaya yang sering menyerang adalah tungau.(gah/nrl) http://m.detik.com

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