About Orchid Species

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Orchids range vegetatively from plants very small size a few millimeters (BulbophyllumBulbophyllum Thouars Thouars and Platystele Schlechter) to gigantic size orchids weighing several hundred kilograms (Grammatophyllum Blume). Some have reached the size of 13.4 meters as inkill or Sobralia altissima Sobralia altissima DE Bennett & Christenson, (species from Peru). Likewise, flowers vary in diameter size from less than 1 mm and barely visible to the naked eye (Garay Platystele), up to a diameter 15 20 cm (Paphiopedilum Pfitzer, Phragmipedium Rolfe, and Cattleya Lindley spp.), And finally into 76 cm [ Phragmipedium caudatum (Lindley) Rolfe]. Weight of the fraction Vaiasi grams (Pleurothallus R. Brown spp.) Reached nearly 100 grams (Coryanthes Hooker spp.).
Orchid was not just for decoration, but some terrdapat use in orchids. The majority of orchids are not commonly much cultivated. Some orchids are economically be outside the horticultural trade:


Several types of Vanilla are the source of the spice vanilla, and root dry

Several species of Dactylorhiza, Eulophia, and Orchis made ointments, flour consumed in northern Africa, the Middle East (especially Turkey), and Asia. Acriopsis javanica in Java malaria drug made by boiling and take honey.
Some local species used for medicinal purposes; the mucus from pseudobulbs of several species are sometimes used as glue, and the Far East from several Dendrobium species is divided into strips used to weave handicrafts.

Some orchids have been found to cause contact dermatitis (eg, Cypripedium reginae).

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